The first Volvo car rolled off the Gothenburg production line in Sweden in 1927. Since then, Volvo Car Group has been a world-leader in safety technology and innovation. Today, Volvo is one of the most well-known and respected car brands in the world with sales in about 100 countries.
Volvo Car Group (Volvo Cars) is owned by Zhejiang Geely Holding (Geely Holding) of China. Volvo Cars formed part of the Swedish Volvo Group until 1999, when the company was bought by Ford Motor Company. In 2010, Volvo Cars was acquired by Geely Holding.
The ‘Volvo’ name is owned by Volvo Trademark Holding AB, which is jointly owned by Volvo Cars and Volvo Group.
The company’s corporate and brand strategy ‘Designed Around You’ puts people at the centre and is a foundation and a guide for the business, the products and the corporate culture.
Volvo cars are marketed and sold by regional market companies and national sales companies through approximately 2,300 local dealers in about 100 countries. Most of the dealerships are independent companies. As of December 2017, Volvo Cars had around 38,000 full-time employees around the globe.
Volvo Cars produces premium-segment car models in three versions: sedans (S60, S90), versatile estates (V40, V60, V90) and SUV vehicles (XC40, XC60, XC90).
In 2018, Volvo Cars sold 642,253 cars, the company's fifth consecutive year of record sales. The largest market, China, represented some 20 per cent of the total sales volume in 2018, followed by the United States (15%), Sweden (10%), the United Kingdom (8%) and Germany (7%).
For the 2017 financial year, Volvo Car Group recorded an operating profit of 14,061 MSEK (11,014 MSEK in 2016). Revenue over the period amounted to 210,912 MSEK (180,902 MSEK).
Volvo Cars head office, product development, marketing and administration functions are mainly located in Gothenburg, Sweden. Since 2011, Volvo Cars has offices in Shanghai and Chengdu (both China). The Volvo Cars China headquarters in Shanghai includes a Technology Centre and functions such as sales and marketing, manufacturing, purchasing, product development and all other supporting functions.
Apart from the main European car production plants in Gothenburg (Sweden) and Ghent (Belgium), Volvo Cars has since the 1930s manufactured engines in Skövde (Sweden). Production of body components has been located in Olofström (Sweden) since 1969. The company furthermore operates an assembly plant in Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia) and research and development centres in Shanghai, Copenhagen (Denmark), Stockholm, Lund (both Sweden) and Sunnyvale (USA). Volvo Cars also has design centres in Gothenburg, Camarillo (USA) and Shanghai.
In 2013, Volvo Cars started production at its manufacturing plant in Chengdu. A second Chinese manufacturing plant in Daqing started production in 2014, while Volvo Cars also operates a manufacturing plant in Luqiao and an engine factory in Zhangjiakou in China. In the US, Volvo Cars has a manufacturing facility in Berkeley County, South Carolina, which opened in 2018.